Fentanyl is a Schedule II controlled substance, first developed in 1959 as an anesthetic to treat severe pain in hospitals. It is similar to morphine, but can be 50 to 300 times more potent.
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42,687 overdose deaths (OD) involved fentanyl in the 12 months leading up to May 2020.
Fentanyl OD rates are rising 2.5 times faster than heroin ODs.
Fentanyl ODs outpace prescription opioid ODs 550.94%.
5% of urine specimens in clinics dealing in primary care, pain management and substance abuse test positive for fentanyl.
National Center for Drug Abuse Statistics
United States Drug Enforcement Administration
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.